Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk Årsskrift 2019

Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk Årsskrift 2019

Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift ges sedan år 1900 ut av Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen. Varje årgång innehåller vetenskapliga artiklar, men inte minst ett stort antal recensioner av kyrkohistoriskt relevant litteratur. Information hur man blir medlem i föreningen och därigenom erhåller årsboken finns här.

I Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2019 bidrar jag med tre recensioner:

Liesbeth Corens
CONFESSIONAL MOBILITY AND ENGLISH CATHOLICS IN COUNTER-REFORMATION EUROPE.
Oxford: Oxford University Press 2019, xiii + 240 sid.

Nadine Amsler
JESUITS AND MATRIARCHS. Domestic Worship in Early Modern China.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, xii + 258 sid

Chen Hon-Fai

CATHOLICS AND EVERYDAY LIFE IN MACAU. Changing Meanings of Religiosity, Morality and Civility. (Routledge Religion in Contemporary Asia Series 6)

London & New York: Routledge 2017, ix + 196 sid.

Recensionerna är tillgängliga i fulltext här

 

Kyrkohistorisk forskning i dag och i morgon

Kyrkohistorisk forskning i dag och i morgon

Provföreläsning för professuren i kyrkohistoria, 7 november 2019.

Det förflutna är inte vad det en gång var. Det är titeln på en metodbok av den norske historikern Knut Kjelstadli. Titeln syftar bland annat på att betydelsen av händelser i det förgångna kan förändras med tiden men också på att historieforskningen förändras med tiden.

En annan populär metodbok heter: Fråga det förflutna. Det är vad historieforskning ytterst handlar om. Att vi aktivt förhåller oss till det som skett, eller rättare sagt vad som har blivit kvar av det: det vi benämner källor. Det rör: Vilka frågor vi ställer, vilka källor vi använder och hur vi arbetar med dem, vilka analytiska begrepp vi brukar, hur vi för samman enskildheter till berättelser och teman, och hur vi förklarar orsaker, samband och effekter.

Min föreläsning handlar om nuet och framtiden. Men det är ingen allmän lägesrapport eller någon blick in i en spåkula. Jag ska tala om kyrkohistorisk forskning idag och i den nära framtiden. Och det krävs en ordentlig avgränsning för att kunna säga något vettigt i en kort föreläsning. Därför kommer det att handla om kyrkohistorisk forskning vid Uppsala universitet, där jag sedan fyra år är tillförordnad ämnesföreträdare. Det betyder också att jag är en aktör i skeendet.

Continue reading “Kyrkohistorisk forskning i dag och i morgon”

The Slavic Pope? Jan Maria Michał Kowalski and the Mariavites

The Slavic Pope?  Jan Maria Michał Kowalski and the Mariavites

As far as we know, Archbishop Ján Maria Michał Kowalski (1871–1942), the longtime leader of the Polish (Old) Catholic Mariavite Church claimed much spiritual power, even a kind of Messiah-status, but that he never explicitly claim the papacy. Still, bishops in the Mariavite core group, at least from the mid-1920s, asserted that the Roman pontiff was not the true pope anymore, that the Holy See had moved from Rome to the Mariavite centre in Plock, and that Kowalski was the long-awaited ‘Slavic Pope’, that Polish nationalist authors wrote about: a liberator and a benevolent religious leader.

The founder of the Mariavites was Sister Feliksa Maria Franciszka Kozlowska (1862–1921), often called Little Mother (Mateczka). She claimed to receive divine revelations–‘understandings’–from 1893 onwards, and the interpretation of them played a significant role in the development of the Mariavite doctrine, both before and after her death. Posthumously many followers believed Little Mother to be divine, and Archbishop Kowalski had an almost sacred status, even during his life. Claiming ‘understandings’, too, he introduced drastic doctrinal changes throughout the 1920s. Still, Kowalski’s autocratic rule and the unorthodox doctrinal development led to a schism in 1935, when only a small minority of the faithful remained with him.

A preliminary version of my text on Kowalski and the Mariavite papacy is found here

A Robber Ex-Pope and his Wife: From the Beginning to the End

A Robber Ex-Pope and his Wife: From the Beginning to the End

On June 10, 2018, began a new, bizarre chapter in the history of the Palmarian Catholic Church. The Palmarian ex-pope Ginés Jesús Hernández (earlier known as Gregory XVIII) and his wife, Nieves Triviño climbed over the high walls of the church compound at Palmar de Troya.

They were masked and armed, apparently planning to rob the cathedral, but were discovered by a Palmarian bishop who was outside the basilica. According to testimonies, they beat Bishop S with a hammer and threatened him and another bishop, J, with a knife. However, in the subsequent fight, Hernández was severely injured, while the others escaped with less serious physical injuries.

It was on April 22, 2016, Gregory XVIII (sed. 2011-2016) resigned the Palmarian papacy. He later claimed that he had lost the faith and that the whole church was a hoax. He left to live with Nieves Triviño, whom he later married. For details, see my book A Pope of Their Own.

Here is a  brief description of the events from June 10, 2018 to May 17, 2019.

Continue reading “A Robber Ex-Pope and his Wife: From the Beginning to the End”

Uppsala Studies in Church History

Uppsala Studies in Church History

In 2017 we at the Department of Theology, Uppsala University launched a new open-access book series: Uppsala Studies in Church History. To date (May 2019) we have published 9 volumes: five in English and four in Swedish. The titles focus both on Swedish and international themes.

Uppsala Studies in Church History is an e-book series that is published in the Department of Theology, Uppsala University. It includes both works in English and in Swedish. The volumes are available open-access and only published in digital form on http://www.diva-portal.org.

Uppsala Studies in Church History är en skriftserie som utges vid Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet. Serien innehåller arbeten på såväl svenska som engelska. Skrifterna i serien är fritt tillgängliga och utges endast i digital form på http://www.diva-portal.org.

Click on the hyperlinks below to get access to the full-texts.

Continue reading “Uppsala Studies in Church History”

Palmarian Photos

Palmarian Photos

As a part of my extensive documentation and study of the Palmarian Church, I publish a sizeable collection of images that were published digitally by the Church ca. 2002.

The first document includes pictures of the apparition site at Palmar de Troya, the first chapel that was built there and not least the construction of the enormous Palmarian Basilica. It includes 129 images. See Palmar de Troya and the Palmarian Basilica

The second document includes pictures of Palmarian chapels around the world. It includes 197 images. See Palmarian Chapels worldwide.

 

Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2018

Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2018

Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift ges sedan år 1900 ut av Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen. Varje årgång innehåller vetenskapliga artiklar, men inte minst ett stort antal recensioner av kyrkohistoriskt relevant litteratur. Information hur man blir medlem i föreningen och därigenom erhåller årsboken finns här.

I årsskriften 2018 bidrar jag med fyra recensioner:

Moshe Sluhovsky
BECOMING A NEW SELF: Practices of Belief in Early Modern Catholicism.
Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press 2017, 215 sid.

Jane Samson
RACE AND REDEMPTION: British Missionaries Encounter Pacific Peoples, 1797‒1920 (Studies in the History of Christian Mission).
Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company 2017, 274 sid.

Anh Q. Tran
GODS, HEROES, AND ANCESTORS: An Interreligious Encounter in Eighteenth-Century Vietnam (American Academy of Religion: Religion in Translation).
New York: Oxford University Press 2018, 364 sid.

Jens Holger Schjørring & Norman A. Hjelm (red.) samt Kevin Ward (medredaktör för vol. III).
HISTORY OF GLOBAL CHRISTIANITY, 3 vols.
Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2017¬‒2018

Vol. I: European and Global Christianity, ca. 1500‒1789, 457 sid.
Vol II: History of Christianity in the 19th Century, 346 sid.
Vol. III: History of Christianity in the 20th Century, 526 sid.

Mina recensioner är tillgängliga i fulltext här

“Julius Tischler”: The Future Peter II

“Julius Tischler”: The Future Peter II

Some of the available lists of twentieth-century papal claimants include a Julius Tischler, who asserted that he was Pope Peter II. Most lists do not include any details on him, while some note that he was born in 1908. To my knowledge, the only researcher who provides some information about the case is Joachim Bouflet, who briefly mentioned Tischler in his well-researched Faussaires de Dieu. Though he does not refer to any primary sources, Bouflet underlined that Julius Tischler was not a real name, but a pseudonym, and that he was not strictly a papal claimant, but a claimant to a future papacy; he would become the last pope.

The main source of Julius Tischler’s claims is his 336-page-book published in 1972: Der Handwerksgeselle: Der Vierte Seher von Fatima [The Journeyman: The Fourth Seer of Fatima.] It is a peculiar book. On the one hand, it is a very detailed­ autobiography about the author’s first fifteen years in life, following a strictly chronological outline. On the other, the author included many accounts of amazing spiritual experiences, which he seamlessly intertwined with the much more down-to-earth autobiographical narrative. Among other things, the author claimed that he was mystically present at Fatima when the Virgin appeared in 1917. In short, he was the fourth seer of Fatima. Moreover, he was the only of the children who received the second, most important part of the Virgin’s message in 1923. The author’s real name was Franz Engelhardt (or Ferenc Egerszegi) who was a Roman Catholic priest of Hungarian origin who was a parish priest in the diocese of Trier.

A preliminary version of my text on Tischler/Engelhardt is found here

Adam Oraczewski ‒ Pope Adam II

Adam Oraczewski ‒ Pope Adam II

Towards the end of 1927, a suspended Roman Catholic priest, Adam Anthony Oraczewski (1883‒1973) published a 60-page pamphlet in Kansas City, Missouri. It has a bold title, All in One True Faith and the front page features the author dressed in the papal white, declaring that since August 7, he was Adam II, Pope of the Holy Catholic Church.

Among the modern alternative popes, Polish-American Adam II is certainly among the least known and one of the earliest.  He lived until he was 90, but we have relatively few sources to his life and even less on his papacy. However, thanks to the two booklets, a few newspaper articles, and some official records, it is possible to write a brief biography. Still, many lacunae and uncertainties remain. Therefore, any further information on Adam Anthony Oraczewski is most welcome.

The preliminary version of the biography is found here