Gustaf Knös och hans värld

Gustaf Knös och hans värld

Gustaf Knös (1773–1828) var i tur och ordning professor i grekiska och österländska språk i Uppsala, men också verksam som församlingspräst och swedenborgskt övertygad författare. Mot slutet av sitt liv sammanfattade han sina teologiska grundidéer i en bok med den fantasieggande titeln Samtal med mig sjelf om werlden, menniskan och Gud (1824), som efter en kritisk recension följdes upp av den dubbelt så omfattande skriften Försök att utreda några wiktiga frågor (1827).

Min artikel är emellertid ingen ingående studie av Gustaf Knös som teolog. Fokus här ligger istället på Gustaf Knös utbildning studier och hans verksamhet som vetenskapare, främst som orientalist. Dessutom behandlar jag kärleken i hans liv. Huvudkällorna är brev och dagboksanteckningar, men också andra dokument, inte minst ansökningshandlingarna till professurerna är väsentliga.




My name is Magnus Lundberg and I’m Professor of Church and Mission Studies at the Department of Theology, Uppsala university, Sweden. Though I teach World Christianity and Church History more broadly, my own research is focused on colonial Latin American church history. I have also devoted much time to the study of Catholic traditionalism, especially sedevacantist groups and modern alternative popes (“antipopes”). Recently, however, I have developed a research project on early-nineteenth-century Sweden, focusing on the revival in the south-western parts of the country.

In this blog, I intend to publish research papers and drafts on topics that are of interest to me. Most of the articles will be in English, but some will be written in Spanish or in my mother tongue, Swedish. Some of the texts have already been published elsewhere (as books or articles), but here they will be available open-access. Some is written exclusively for this blog. These latter texts include both more substantial essays and briefer comments.


For more information on my research and publications, see the “about-section”

For my series of articles on the Palmarian church, see the Palmarian page

For my series of articles on modern alternative popes, see the Pope page

For articles and monographs on Latin American church history, see the Church and Mission Studies page

New Book on the Palmarian Church

FeaturedNew Book on the Palmarian Church

My new book on the Palmarian Church is now available.

Lundberg, Magnus. A Pope of Their Own: Palmar de Troya and the Palmarian Church.

Series: Uppsala Studies in Church History, volume 1.

Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Theology, 2017.

ISBN 978-91-984129-0-1

Full-text is available here

In 2018, fifty years will have passed since the first reports of Marian apparitions in El Palmar de Troya in Spanish Andalusia. It will also be the fortieth anniversary of the coronation of the seer Clemente Domínguez Gómez as Pope Gregory XVII, and the consequent foundation of the Palmarian Catholic Church. Still, placing the papal tiara on his head was only seen as a human act of confirmation. He asserted that Christ himself had crowned him just after the death of Pope Paul VI.

This book provides a broad overview of the history of the apparitions at El Palmar de Troya and the church that became its main result. It also includes a more systematic analysis of the church’s increasingly unusual doctrines and rituals. Through the study, I try to answer two underlying questions: First, which factors contributed to the foundation of the Palmarian Church?  Second, how has the church survived and developed through its four decades of existence?

Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk Årsskrift 2014-2016

Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk Årsskrift 2014-2016

Under det senaste decenniet har jag skrivit en lång rad bokrecensioner i Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift. De flesta av dem handlar om latinamerikansk kyrkohistoria, men några rör Asien och Oceanien. KÅ, som ges ut av Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen, är nu inne på sin 116:e årgång, och dess recensionsavdelning har länge varit ett måste för den som vill hålla sig uppdaterad om kyrkohistorisk forskning. På föreningens hemsida är de senaste årens skrifter tillgängliga i fulltext. Där finns också information om hur man blir medlem. Här kan du läsa de elva recensioner jag publicerade i KÅ mellan 2014 och 2016:

Celia Cussen, Black Saint of the Americas: The Life and the Afterlife of Martín de Porres, Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 116 (2016). PDF

Continue reading “Recensioner i Kyrkohistorisk Årsskrift 2014-2016”

Modern Alternative Popes 23: Colombian Pedro II

Modern Alternative Popes 23: Colombian Pedro II

Antonio José Hurtado (Pedro II, 1939-1955) was a Colombian, self-trained dentist. After the death of Pope Pius XI in 1939, he proclaimed himself Pope Peter II, stating that he was elected by God. Hurtado’s claim to the papacy only ended with his death in 1955. Thus, his papal claim had nothing to do with the reforms in the Roman Catholic Church in the 1960s. The following text is not built on a detailed study of primary sources, but mostly relies on secondary material, including some fine articles about this intriguing man (see list of references).

The future pope was born in 1892 in the small town of Barbosa, some 40 kilometers north of Medellín. As a young man he studied at the Thomas Aquinas Seminary in Santa Rosa de Osos, but left when his father died. Hurtado seems to have had great entrepreneurial skills and he was a quick learner. He moved to Bogotá, where he worked in many different areas without having formal training in any of them. Among other things, he became a carpenter, a tailor, a goldsmith and an ambulating photographer.

Continue reading “Modern Alternative Popes 23: Colombian Pedro II”

Media Coverage of the Palmarian Church, April-September 2016

Media Coverage of the Palmarian Church, April-September 2016

Since news about the 22 of April escape of Pope Gregory XVIII from Palmar de Troya was made public by me and others, there have been many articles about the matter in the Spanish press. The combination of a hermetically closed religious group and a pope leaving  to live with his girlfriend, claiming that he does not believe in the church teachings anymore is of course thrilling to many, including me.

Below you will find links to a selection of articles published from late April onwards. Many are quite interesting and not too speculative, including several interviews with the ex-pope, who now wants to “turn the page”and leave everything behind him, presenting the Palmarian church as a “scam” (montaje).

By May 2016, one month after the departure of ex-pope Gregory from Palmar de Troya, several Spanish TV channels have broadcast longer documentaries about the history of the Palmarians and the current events.

Continue reading “Media Coverage of the Palmarian Church, April-September 2016”

Podcast Iglesia Palmariana 1

Podcast Iglesia Palmariana 1

Descripción de El Palmar de Troya: La historia del nacimiento de una Iglesia.