As far as we know, Archbishop Ján Maria Michał Kowalski (1871–1942), the longtime leader of the Polish (Old) Catholic Mariavite Church claimed much spiritual power, even a kind of Messiah-status, but that he never explicitly claim the papacy. Still, bishops in the Mariavite core group, at least from the mid-1920s, asserted that the Roman pontiff was not the true pope anymore, that the Holy See had moved from Rome to the Mariavite centre in Plock, and that Kowalski was the long-awaited ‘Slavic Pope’, that Polish nationalist authors wrote about: a liberator and a benevolent religious leader.
The founder of the Mariavites was Sister Feliksa Maria Franciszka Kozlowska (1862–1921), often called Little Mother (Mateczka). She claimed to receive divine revelations–‘understandings’–from 1893 onwards, and the interpretation of them played a significant role in the development of the Mariavite doctrine, both before and after her death. Posthumously many followers believed Little Mother to be divine, and Archbishop Kowalski had an almost sacred status, even during his life. Claiming ‘understandings’, too, he introduced drastic doctrinal changes throughout the 1920s. Still, Kowalski’s autocratic rule and the unorthodox doctrinal development led to a schism in 1935, when only a small minority of the faithful remained with him.
A preliminary version of my text on Kowalski and the Mariavite papacy is found here
On June 10, 2018, began a new, bizarre chapter in the history of the Palmarian Catholic Church. The Palmarian ex-pope Ginés Jesús Hernández (earlier known as Gregory XVIII) and his wife, Nieves Triviño climbed over the high walls of the church compound at Palmar de Troya.
They were masked and armed, apparently planning to rob the cathedral, but were discovered by a Palmarian bishop who was outside the basilica. According to testimonies, they beat Bishop S with a hammer and threatened him and another bishop, J, with a knife. However, in the subsequent fight, Hernández was severely injured, while the others escaped with less serious physical injuries.
It was on April 22, 2016, Gregory XVIII (sed. 2011-2016) resigned the Palmarian papacy. He later claimed that he had lost the faith and that the whole church was a hoax. He left to live with Nieves Triviño, whom he later married. For details, see my book A Pope of Their Own, pp. 168‒177.
Here is a brief description of the events from June 10, 2018 to May 17, 2019.
Continue reading “A Robber Ex-Pope and his Wife: From the Beginning to the End”
In 2017 we at the Department of Theology, Uppsala University launched a new open-access book series: Uppsala Studies in Church History. To date (May 2019) we have published 9 volumes: five in English and four in Swedish. The titles focus both on Swedish and international themes.
Uppsala Studies in Church History is an e-book series that is published in the Department of Theology, Uppsala University. It includes both works in English and in Swedish. The volumes are available open-access and only published in digital form on http://www.diva-portal.org.
Uppsala Studies in Church History är en skriftserie som utges vid Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet. Serien innehåller arbeten på såväl svenska som engelska. Skrifterna i serien är fritt tillgängliga och utges endast i digital form på http://www.diva-portal.org.
Click on the hyperlinks below to get access to the full-texts.
Continue reading “Uppsala Studies in Church History”
I’m Magnus Lundberg, Professor of Church and Mission History at the Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Sweden. Through the years, much of my research has focused on colonial Latin American church history. Still, from 2015 onwards, I have devoted much time to the study of Catholic traditionalism, Fringe Catholicism and New Religious Movements with Catholic roots, especially modern alternative popes (“antipopes”).
One this website, I publish research papers and drafts on topics that are of interest to me. Most of the articles are in English, but some are in Spanish or in my mother tongue, Swedish. Some have been published elsewhere (as books or articles), but here they are available open-access. Some texts are written exclusively for this site.
For more information on my research and publications, see the “about-section”
For my series of articles on the Palmarian church, see the Palmarian page
For my series of articles on modern alternative popes, see the Pope page
For articles and monographs on Latin American church history, see the Church and Mission Studies page
For a great non-academic interest of mine, see the fountain pen pages. This part of the website is in Swedish. Om du är intresserad av äldre pennor är du välkommen att besöka den del av sidan som behandlar reservoarpennor.
As a part of my extensive documentation and study of the Palmarian Church, I publish a sizeable collection of images that were published digitally by the Church ca. 2002.
The first document includes pictures of the apparition site at Palmar de Troya, the first chapel that was built there and not least the construction of the enormous Palmarian Basilica. It includes 129 images. See Palmar de Troya and the Palmarian Basilica
The second document includes pictures of Palmarian chapels around the world. It includes 197 images. See Palmarian Chapels worldwide.
Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift ges sedan år 1900 ut av Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen. Varje årgång innehåller vetenskapliga artiklar, men inte minst ett stort antal recensioner av kyrkohistoriskt relevant litteratur. Information hur man blir medlem i föreningen och därigenom erhåller årsboken finns här.
I årsskriften 2018 bidrar jag med fyra recensioner:
BECOMING A NEW SELF: Practices of Belief in Early Modern Catholicism.
Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press 2017, 215 sid.
RACE AND REDEMPTION: British Missionaries Encounter Pacific Peoples, 1797‒1920 (Studies in the History of Christian Mission).
Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company 2017, 274 sid.
Anh Q. Tran
GODS, HEROES, AND ANCESTORS: An Interreligious Encounter in Eighteenth-Century Vietnam (American Academy of Religion: Religion in Translation).
New York: Oxford University Press 2018, 364 sid.
Jens Holger Schjørring & Norman A. Hjelm (red.) samt Kevin Ward (medredaktör för vol. III).
HISTORY OF GLOBAL CHRISTIANITY, 3 vols.
Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2017¬‒2018
Vol. I: European and Global Christianity, ca. 1500‒1789, 457 sid.
Vol II: History of Christianity in the 19th Century, 346 sid.
Vol. III: History of Christianity in the 20th Century, 526 sid.
Mina recensioner är tillgängliga i fulltext här
If you know Spanish and want testimonies from a person who used to be a bishop in the Palmarian Church you should listen to the interesting podcasts of Juan Márquez, Ex-Father Dámaso María.